In Algeria there are 1,541 municipalities (baladiyahs). Each province, district, and municipality is named after its seat, which is usually the largest city. According to the Algerian constitution, a province is a territorial collectivity enjoying some economic freedom.
The People’s Provincial Assembly is the political entity governing a province, which has a “president”, who is elected by the members of the assembly. They are in turn elected on universal suffrage every five years. The “Wali” (Prefect or governor) directs each province. This person is chosen by the Algerian President to handle the PPA’s decisions.
The administrative divisions have changed several times since independence. When introducing new provinces, the numbers of old provinces are kept, hence the non-alphabetical order. With their official numbers, currently (since 1983) they are: