APS : Sunday, 20 December 2015
ALGIERS-Algeria’s global human development ranking increased to 83rd in 2014 against 93rd in 2013 among 188 countries, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) announced in its 2015 global report.
With a Human Development Index (HDI) estimated at 0.736 (a perfect score being 1), Algeria is classified by the UN agency among the 56 countries with as “high” human development country.
According to the HDI, countries are ranked by UNDP in four (4) categories: “very high” developing countries to (49 countries in the 2015 report), “high” (56 countries), “medium” (39 countries) and “low” (44 countries).
In the Maghreb, Tunisia is ranked 96th spot (high HDI), Morocco 126th (medium HDI), Libya 94th (high HDI) and Mauritania to the 156th (low HDI).
The calculation of HDI focuses on three basic aspects of human development: life expectancy and health, access to education (measured by the average years of schooling and expected duration of schooling) and the ability to achieve a decent standard of living (measured by gross national income per capita).
To better measure human development, the UNDP also takes into consideration other parameters such the index of gender development between men and women, women’s empowerment and aspects of poverty.
In the world rankings, the top ten countries with the highest HDI in the world (indices ranging from 0.944 to 0.913) are Norway, Australia, Switzerland, Denmark, Netherlands, Germany, Ireland, USA, Canada and New Zealand.
The last ten countries in the ranking are all African, namely Mali, Mozambique, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Chad, Eritrea, Central African Republic and Niger.