Algeria at a Glance

Area: 2,381,741 km²
Population: 35,6 million
Capital city: Algiers ( 3 million inhabitants)
Administrative Divisions: 48 (more information)
System of Government: Republic
Economic System: Market Economy
President: Mr. Abdelaziz Bouteflika (read the president’s speech to the nation)
Prime Minister: Mr. Ahmed Ohyahia
The Parliament: bicameral
The Council of the Nation / Speaker: Mr. Abdelkader Bensalah
The National People’s Assembly / Speaker: Mr.Abdelaziz Ziari
The Council of Ministers is chaired by the President of the Republic
The Council of Government is chaired by the Head of Government
National day: Anniversary of the Revolution, November 1st (1954) (1st November 1954 Declaration)
National Anthem: “Kassaman” (“We Pledge”)
Constitution: revised in 1996, and a further amendment was adopted in 2002
Local Time: (unchanged throughout the year) is GMT+1
Electrical System: Appliances use 220V
Weights and Measures: The MKSA (Metre, Kilogram, Second, Ampere) system is used in Algeria

Official working days & hours

from Sunday through Thursday, 8:00 -16:30 (12:30-13:30 lunch break)

National holidays

  • New Year’s Day : January 1st (one day)
  • Labor day : May 1st (one day)
  • Independence Day : July 5th (one day)
  • Anniversary of Revolutaion : November 1st (one day) – National Day

Religious holidays set on the basis of the lunar calendar of Islam

  • Awal Mouharem (Islamic New Year / one day)
  • Achoura (10th day of the lunar month of Mouharem / one day)
  • Mouloud (12th day of the lunar month of Rabi-al-awal /one day)
  • Eid-Al-Fitr (End of the month of Ramadan /two days)
  • Eid-Al-Adha (Holiday of Sacrifice, 2months and 10 days after Eid-al-Fitr /two days)

Cost of Living

The following table compares the costs of some basic products in Algiers, Algeria and Sofia, Bulgaria.

Product Cost in Algiers Cost in Sofia
Bread $0.13 $0.70
Milk $0.40 $1.40
Water 1.5 l $0.68 $0.50
Meal for two (restaurant) $16.65 $30.00
Taxi (5km within center) $1.33 $2.70

Basic Data and Basic infrastructure

Road network: 120.000 km, including 2,400 km of freeways and expressways.
Airports: 35, including 13 conforming to international standards.
Main seaports13 (Algiers, Annaba, Arzew, BejaÏa, Béni Saf, Dellys, Djendjen, Ghazaouet, Jijel, Mostaganem, Oran, Skikda, Ténès).
Railroad transportation: 4,500 km (200 operational commercial train stations).
Telecommunications: the network is totally digitalized and a national fiber optic backbone of 15,000 km has been laid out.
Fiber optic cabling: 8000 km.
Number of telephone landlines: approx. 2.6 million lines in 2002, 4.6 million lines in 2006.
Mobile telephones: nearly 21 million lines in 2007, compared with only 600.000 in 2001.
Number of automobiles: 3.6 million units, 65% of which are private vehicles and 35% are considered utilitarian. The market is experiencing very strong growth to reduce the average age of vehicles on the road. 155,000 new vehicles were sold in 2006 and close to 200.000 in 2008.
Internet:is experiencing very strong growth; there are already 2.7 million Internet users, while thousands of cybercafés are in operation. An Internet platform with 100.000 subscribers will soon be initiated. In addition to this, an ambitious governmental program called Ousratic was launched inOctober 2005 to encourage all Algerian households to get a computer.
Electricity: 95% of the territory has electricity, 97% of households are connected to the network.
Natural gas: 35% of households are connected to the natural gas distribution network. The 2005 2009 program contains provisions for connecting 500.000 new households.


  • Population: 35,6 Mln. *
  • Birth rate:  1.96%. *
  • Fertility index: 2.66 children per woman (2004 estimate).
  • New households: 250.000/year
  • Life expectancy: 75,5 years. *
  • Population structure:
    • -15 years : 28,2%
    • 15-59 years : 64,4%
    • +60 years : 7,4%.
  • Written press: 300 weekly or monthly publications. Approximately forty dailies. 1.5 million copies/per day.
  • Color TVs: 8 million sets.

Education -Training Health

  • Primary and secondary schooling: more than 8 million students.
  • Higher education: more than 1.1 million students.
  • Hospital infrastructure: 100.000 beds (13 university hospital centers).
  • Medical coverage: 1 doctor per 1,000 inhabitants.

* : 01/01/2010 Data